4.  Linking Applications and Extensions with Elk  

      There are two different mechanisms for integrating compiled C/C++ code (extensions or an application) with Elk: static linking and dynamic loading. The object files that make up an Elk-based application are usually linked statically with the Scheme interpreter in the normal way to produce an executable program. Compiled extensions, on the other hand, are usually dynamically loaded into the running Scheme interpreter as they are needed. These conventions reflect the normal case; Scheme extensions may as well be linked statically with the interpreter

      Likewise, dynamic loading is not only useful for on-demand loading of reusable Scheme extensions; applications can benefit from this facility as well. To reduce the size of the final executable, parts of an application may loaded dynamically rather than linked statically if they are used infrequently or if only a few of them are used at a time. Dynamic loading enables the author of an extensible application to decompose it into an arbitrary number of individual parts as an alternative to combining them statically into a large, monolithic executable. An extensible newsreader program, for example, may include a separate spelling check module that is dynamically loaded the first time it is needed (i.e. when a newly written news article is to be spell-checked).

      The capability to dynamically load compiled C/C++ code into a running application enables users to write hybrid extensions which consist of a low-level C/C++ part and a high-level part written in Scheme. As a result, extensions can execute much faster (extensions to the Emacs editor, for example, must be entirely written in Emacs-Lisp and can therefore become slow if sufficiently complex); and extensions can deal more easily with low-level, platform-specific details.

Markup created by unroff 1.0,    September 24, 1996,    net@informatik.uni-bremen.de